The National Center for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Moldova (NCPDP) was founded as a result of the adoption of Law No. 17 – XVI of 15.02.2007 regarding the personal data protection. On April 14, 2012, the law was repealed with the entry into force of Law No. 133 of July 8, 2011 on personal data protection.
By Law No. 182-XVI of 10.07.2008 was approved the Statute, structure, staff-limit and financial arrangements of the National Center for Personal Data Protection.
On the basis of these legislative acts, NCPDP obtained the status of an autonomous public authority, independent of other public authorities, natural persons and legal entities, the purpose of which is to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons, especially the right for private life regarding the processing and cross-border transfer of personal data.
The main objectives of the NCPDP are to defend the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons, especially the right for private life regarding the processing and cross-border transfer of personal data, organizing actions to prevent violations of the legislation in the field, including the rights of data subjects, guiding the data controllers in the context of the correct application of the legislation in the field and informing, raising awareness and educating the society on the importance of personal data protection etc.
The staff of the NCPDP consists of civil servants, and contractual staff employed by competition under the conditions of the law and in the fulfillment of their duties, the staff of the NCPDP are enabled to have free access to the premises and territory where personal data filing systems are located, to personal data processed by controllers and processors, to the processing equipment, programs and applications, as well as to any document or record regarding the personal data processing, according to the law.
For the purpose of consulting and assisting the NCPDP, the Consultative Council by the NCPDP is created on a voluntary principle. The Chairman of the Consultative Council is the Director of the NCPDP.
The NCPDP is led by a Director, appointed by the Parliament by the majority of votes of the elected deputies on the proposal, depending on the case, of the Chairman of the Parliament, a parliamentary fraction or at least 15 deputies, for a 5 year mandate. The person appointed as Director may not hold this post for more than two consecutive mandates.
In exercising his attributions, the Director is assisted by a Deputy Director, appointed in function by the Parliament, on the proposal of the NCPDP Director for a 5 year mandate. During the absence of the Director of the Center, the Deputy Director exercises temporary the duties of the Director.
The duties and competences of the NCPDP can be viewed in art. 20 of Law No.133 by accessing here.